General Knowledge Quiz - 18 (09 February, 2019)
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1.Sailendra Dynasty between 778 and 850 Bce. (the exact dates vary among scholars). It is a Mahayana Buddhist temple located close to Mutilan on the island of Java in Indonesia.
2.There is a legend that Pandavas built the Kedarnath shrine in the Hindu Dwapara Yuga and is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas, the holiest Hindu shrines of Shiva. Pandavas were supposed to have pleased Shiva by doing penance in Kedarnath. Another theory is that the temple was built in 8th century by Adi Sankara. Some believe that Raja Bhoj of Malwa , who ruled between 1076 to 1099, built the temple.
3.Abrahim (Ibrahim) according to Islamic tradition built the Kaaba with the help of his elder son Ishmael, in and around 2000BC, when the inhabitants of site then known as Bakkah had fallen away from the original monotheism of Abraham through the influence of the Amalekites.
4.The Golden Temple, which is also known as Darbar Sahib, in the city of Amritsar was founded in 1577 by the fourth Guru, Guru Ram Das with the fifth Guru, Guru Arjun designing the temple. The holy temple also known as Harmandir Sahib literally means Abode of the Lord.
5.According to legend Sage Brihaspati [Guru] carried this idol from Dwarka to Kerala on Lord Krishna’s instructions when Dwaraka was drowning. Lord Krishna told Uddhava that he was to save the idol which Krishna’s father Vasudeva worshipped. Uddhava brought the idol and gave it to Brihaspati who travelled carrying this idol in a small sail boat assisted by Vayu [Wind]. They reached a place where Lord Shiva with Goddess Parvati was seated. The Lord told them to establish the idol of Vishnu there while they moved to close by Mammiyur. The place hence came to be known as Gurvayur. Here Vishnu is worshipped as Lord Krishna. Legend also says that Vishwakarma built this temple 5000 years ago.
Winston Churchill the ‘greatest’ British politician lived to the age of 90. He was an accomplished artist and has more than 500 paintings to his credit. He wrote 20 books and received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953. He served in the British Parliament for 55 years and under six monarchs. He served as Prime minister twice in his long career. He is the only statesman to be honoured on two occasions on British coins- first on his death in 1965 and fifty years later his memory was honoured again.
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