New Delhi, Oct 25: Announcing the IndiGen Genome project, Union Minister for Science and Technology Dr Harsh Vardhan on Friday said that the ‘Whole Genome Sequencing’ will help in predictive and preventive medicine with faster and efficient diagnosis of rare genetic diseases.
He said that Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has conducted ‘Whole Genome Sequencing’ of 1,008 Indians from different populations across the country and the whole genome data will be important for building the know-how, baseline data and indigenous capacity in the emerging area of Precision Medicine.
“The outcomes of the IndiGen will have applications in a number of areas including predictive and preventive medicine with faster and efficient diagnosis of rare genetic diseases”, the Minister said.
He said the benefits of this initiative include epidemiology of genetic diseases to enable cost effective genetic tests, carrier screening applications for expectant couples, enabling efficient diagnosis of heritable cancers and pharmacogenetic tests to prevent adverse drug reactions.
Unveiling the IndiGenome card and IndiGen mobile application that enables participants and clinicians to access clinically actionable information in their genomes, he said it was a pilot project being tested in individuals across India.
The result of the IndiGen will be utilised towards understanding the genetic diversity on a population scale, make available genetic variant frequencies for clinical applications and enable genetic epidemiology of diseases. The whole genome data and know-how for the analysis of large scale genomic data is expected to enable evidence and aid in the development of technologies for clinical and biomedical applications in India.
The Indi Gen-initiative was undertaken by CSIR in April 2019, which was implemented by the CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi and CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad. (UNI)