Hyderabad, Oct 17 : Thirteen cities including, Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh have high level risk of earthquake-prone zone cities in the country, Earthquake Disaster Risk Index (EDRI) Report developed by the International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad (IIITH) along with National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) revealed on Thursday.
The index report for 50 cities and one district in the country was published by the National Disaster Management Authority( NDMA).The final result of the EDRI revealed that, of the 50 cities, only seven cities have low level risk, whereas 30 cities medium level risk and 13 cities high level risk. This scenario is alarming and needs immediate attention.
The high level risk cities are Srinagar (J & K), Aizawl (Mizoram), Bhagalpur (Bihar), Panipat (Haryana), Shimla and Solan (HP), Ratnagiri (Maharashtra), Gangtok (Sikkim), Moradabad (UP), Pithoragarh, Uttarkashi and Nainital (Uttarkhand) and Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh)
The 50 cities include, Itanagar, Guwahati, Dispur, Port Blair, Darbhanga, Bhjuu, Mandi, Srinagar, Imphal, Shillong, Aizawl, Kohima, Agartala, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Patna, Bhagalpur, Jamnagar in Gujarat, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Panipat, Panchakula, Shimla, Solan, Jammu, Ratnagiri, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Alwar, Gangtok, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budhnagar, Meerut, Bareily, Mathura, Moradabad, Dehradun, Uttarkashi, Nainital, Chandigarh, Darjeeling, Siliguri, Vijayawada, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata and New Delhi.
As cities were selected from the higher seismic zones, no city has low hazard level. Cities with hilly terrain have low exposure, whereas cities with flat terrain and high populations have high exposure.
The vulnerability of each city depends only on the construction typology adopted, of the 50 cities, the vulnerability of built environment is low in only five cities, medium in 36 cities and high for nine cities.
In this pilot study, the cities were selected based on population density, housing threat factor and cities identified by Government of India. 'The major area of focus is the seismically active regions in India, seismic zones IV and V,' the report said. (UNI)