New Delhi, Aug 5 : The Lok Sabha on Monday passed the Transgender Persons Bill, which provides for empowerment of transgenders by defining their identity and rights to prohibit discrimination against them.
The Bill was introduced on July 19 by Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot. Replying to debate on the bill, Minister of Stae for Social Justice and empowerment Rattan Lal Kataria said the draft law will benefit a large number of transgender persons, mitigate the stigma, discrimination and abuse against this marginalised section and bring them into the mainstream of the society.This will lead to inclusiveness and make them productive members of society, he said.
The bill will bring greater accountability on the part of the central government, state governments and Union Territories for issues concerning transgender persons, besides making all the stakeholders also responsive and accountable for upholding the principles underlying the Bill. The Bill defines a transgender person as one whose gender does not match the gender assigned at birth. It includes trans-men and trans-women, persons with intersex variations, gender-queers, and persons with socio-cultural identities, such as kinnar and hijra.
The Bill prohibits the discrimination against a transgender person, including denial of service or unfair treatment in relation to education, employment and healthcare, right to reside, rent among others. Every transgender person shall have a right to reside and be included in his household. If the immediate family is unable to care for the transgender person, the person may be placed in a rehabilitation centre, on the orders of a competent court.
No government or private entity can discriminate against a transgender person in employment matters, including recruitment, and promotion. Educational institutions funded or recognised by the relevant government shall provide inclusive education, sports and recreational facilities for transgender persons, without discrimination.
A transgender person may make an application to the District Magistrate for a certificate of identity, indicating the gender as ‘transgender’. A revised certificate may be obtained only if the individual undergoes surgery to change their gender either as a male or a female.
The Bill states that the relevant government will take measures to ensure the full inclusion and participation of transgender persons in society. It must also take steps for their rescue and rehabilitation, vocational training and self-employment, create schemes that are transgender sensitive, and promote their participation in cultural activities. (UNI)