Chennai, July 11: The Indian Space Agency is all set to explore hitherto an unexplored frontier, when its second lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2, carrying an Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan) as payloads, will be launched on July 15.
Chandrayaan-2 will be launched from the Second Launch Pad at 2.51am early Monday next from the spaceport of Sriharikota by the heaviest home grown rocket, three-stage Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III (GSLV Mk-III), capable of launching
4-ton class of satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). Weighing 3,840 kg, Chandrayaan-2 is on a mission unlike any before.
Leveraging nearly a decade of scientific research and engineering development, the second lunar expedition will shed light on a completely unexplored section of the Moon--its South Polar region, a site not explored by any country yet, ISRO sources said. Only Russia, the United States and China have soft-landed on the moon. A full dress rehearsal of the launch was conducted at the SHAR Range ahead of the launch. This mission will help ISRO gain a better understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon by conducting detailed topographical studies, comprehensive mineralogical analyses, and a host of other experiments on the lunar surface.
It would also explore discoveries made by Chandrayaan 1, such as the presence of water molecules on the Moon and new rock types with unique chemical composition. Through this mission, ISRO aims to expand India's footprint in space, inspire a future generation of scientists, engineers and explorers and surpass international aspirations. After its launch, Chandrayaan-2 will be injected into an earth parking 170 x 40,400 km orbit. A series of maneuvers will be carried out to raise its orbit and put Chandrayaan-2 on Lunar Transfer Trajectory. (UNI)