Backed by Israel technology, India plans to set up desalination plants along the coastline to solve water crisis by 2024. In this case, India draws up inspiration from Israel, a country which uses desalinated water widely.
NITI Aayog is working on a plan to set-up desalination plants along India’s 7,800-km coastline, according to a report in The Economic Times. The plants will desalinate sea water which would then be supplied to population centres through a pipeline network. India plans to set up floating desalination plants in marine waters or build plants along the coast. It is learnt that the NITI Aayog will handhold the newly formed Jal Shakti Ministry and provide it with cost analysis and project viability report for these plants.
This comes at a time when severe water shortages have been observed in major urban areas such as Chennai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Hyderabad etc. India's water quality is worst among the countries and in the ranking table India stands at 120 among 122 countries in the case of water quality. Studies show that by 2020 around 21 major cities of India will have to face sever water scarcity. Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government has made promise of countrywide sufficient clean water supply by 2024 a top priority.
Territorial waters of a sovereign country extend up to 12 nautical miles from its coastline. The maritime exclusive economic zone (EEZ) can be up to 200 nautical miles. India’s maritime EEZ is estimated to be 1.63 million square km. The plants will seek to use solar energy or ocean energy for operation.