France, which assumed the March Presidency of the United Nations Security Council, has reiterated its support for India as the permanent member of the powerful UN organ, saying the UNSC’s enlargement is the 'first crucial part' towards its reform.
India has been calling for the reform of the UN Security Council along with Brazil, Germany and Japan for long, emphasising that it rightly deserves a place at the UN high table as a permanent member.
France, a veto-wielding permanent member of the 15-nation Security Council, last month moved a fresh proposal in the UNSC along with the US and the UK to designate Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar as a global terrorist.
Reiterating its support for India, Germany and Japan as permanent members of an expanded Council, France said that enlargement of the powerful UN organ in both permanent and non-permanent categories is the 'first crucial part' towards UNSC reform.
'We want enlargement of the Security Council in the two categories of non-permanent and permanent categories - India, Brazil, Germany and Japan - and equitable representation of Africans and so that is the first crucial part of it,' the French Permanent Representative to the UN, Mr. François Delattre, said.
At a joint press briefing with the German envoy to the UN, Mr. Christoph Heusgen, Mr. Delattre said the key to UN reform is openness through three different areas - the openness of the Security Council that entails expansion of the 15-nation, partnership and openness to civil society. Germany will take over the Presidency in April.
'That is a strategic aim that France has and I do believe it is Germany’s strategic aim as well...If we believe in the UN and the representative nature of the Security Council, we need to ensure that enlargement (of UNSC) be a success sooner rather than later,' Mr. Delattre said.
He stressed that the UN could not be recognised as a centre of gravity for multi-lateralism throughout the world unless it could step up partnerships and focus should also be made on openness to civil society, business world, NGOs and trade unions, which are all stakeholders that breathe life into the UN.
'The reform of the Security Council through its enlargement is one of the key areas and key priorities of our diplomacy,' Mr. Delattre said. The German Ambassador pointed out that the Security Council, in its present composition, did not reflect the realities of this world.
'France and Germany spoke with one voice in this and we need to have reforms,' Mr. Heusgen said, adding, 'If you don’t reform the Security Council, it will lose legitimacy and, therefore, I think we should really work forward.'
France has maintained that if the crisis of recent times has confirmed the centrality of the UN, they have also reinforced the need to make the organisation more effective and more representative of the current balances in the world.
'That is why France pushes for the expansion of the Security Council by supporting the accession to a permanent seat of Germany, Brazil, India, Japan, as well as a greater presence of African countries,' according to the Permanent Mission of France.
The Indian Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador,Mr. Syed Akbaruddin, said last week on the issue of ‘Categories of Membership’, a total of 113 member states out of the 122 which submitted their positions in the Framework Document, supported expansion in both of the existing categories specified in the Charter.
'In short, more than 90 per cent of the written submissions in the document are in favour of expansion in both categories of membership specified in the Charter,' he said.