A judge in Myanmar has found two Reuters journalists guilty of breaching a law on state secrets and sentenced them to seven years in prison, in a landmark case seen as a test of progress towards democracy in this country.
The Yangon northern district judge, Ye Lwin, said Wa Lone, 32, and Kyaw Soe Oo, 28, breached their Official Secrets Act when they collected and obtained confidential documents.'The defendants…have breached Official Secrets Act section 3.1.c, and are sentenced to seven years. The time already served by the defendants from December 12 will be taken into consideration,' the judge said.
Press freedom advocates, the United Nations, the European Union and countries like the US, Canada and Australia had called for the journalists’ acquittal. 'Today is a sad day for Myanmar, Reuters journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, and the press everywhere,' Reuters editor in chief,Mr. Stephen J Adler, said. The reporters had told the court two police officials handed them papers at a north Yangon restaurant moments before other officers arrested them.
One police witness testified the restaurant meeting was a set-up to entrap the journalists to block or punish them for their reporting of a mass killing of Rohingya Muslims. 'I have no fear,' Wa Lone, one of the two, said after the verdict. 'I have not done anything wrong….I believe in justice, democracy and freedom.'
The verdict means Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo – who both have young daughters and have not seen their families outside of prison visits and court hearings for nine months – remain behind bars. Kyaw Soe Oo has a three-year-old daughter and Wa Lone’s wife, Pan Ei Mon, gave birth to their child last month.
It comes amid building pressure on the administration of Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi over a security crackdown sparked by militant attacks in August 2017. More than 700,000 stateless Rohingya fled across western Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh, according to UN agencies. The Reuters reporters were arrested on Dec. 12 while investigating the killing of 10 Rohingya and other abuses involving soldiers and police in Inn Din, a village in Rakhine.
Myanmar has denied allegations of atrocities made by refugees against its security forces, saying it conducted a legitimate counterinsurgency operation against Muslim militants. But the military acknowledged the killing of the 10 Rohingya men and boys at Inn Din after arresting the reporters.
The verdict had been postponed for a week because judge Ye Lwin was sick. A U.N mandated fact-finding mission said last week Myanmar’s military carried out mass killings and gang rapes of Rohingya with 'genocidal intent' and called for top generals to be prosecuted. Myanmar rejected the findings.
The International Criminal Court is considering whether it has jurisdiction over events in Rakhine, while the US, the European Union and Canada have sanctioned Myanmar military and police officers over the crackdown. Myanmar government spokesman Zaw Htay has mostly declined to comment throughout the proceedings, saying its courts were independent and the case would be conducted according to the law.