Solan, Sep 30 : Focussing on the development and adoption of emerging agricultural technology will go a long way in the success of agricultural activities in the country and contribute towards increasing farmers income, experts said here.
With these recommendations, the 2nd International Conference on ‘Recent Advances in Agricultural, Environmental and Applied Sciences for Global Development’ concluded on the campus of Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry (UHF), Nauni – Solan, on Monday.
Eminent and young scientists from different State Agriculture Universities and ICAR institutes took part in the event and presented their research. Several topics under the major themes like recent advances in agriculture and allied fields, natural resource management and sustainable hill farming for livelihood security, emerging issues in environmental management, recent advances in biological and allied sciences, and recent trends in pharmaceutical and applied sciences for sustainable development were covered during the conference.
In his presentation, Dr DB Parekh, former principal scientist, ICAR NBPGR, New Delhi shed light on the vast scope of LED grow lights that can usher in a new revolution in plant sciences in the country. This food production technology consumes 40 per cent less power, 80 percent less food wastage, 99 percent less water usage than outdoor fields and leads to the reduction of carbon footprint.
This technology, with negligible infestation of diseases and pests, does not require any chemical pesticides and thereby helps to produce healthy foodstuff. As more and more people are shifting to urban areas and the cultivable land is shrinking, the technology through its implementation in vertical farming will reduce the pressure on land.
Dr RK Sharma, eminent scientist and Head, Resource Management programme, ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal said for achieving sustainable higher productivity as well as profitability, efforts must be focused on reversing the trend in natural resource degradation by adopting efficient resource conservation and input management technologies.
Dr Sharma, senior scientist IVRI Regional Station Palampur, highlighted the increasing problem of Enzootic bovine haematuria (EBH), a disease in cattle, caused due to chronic ingestion of ferns. The disease is prevalent in some pockets of districts Kullu, Chamba, Mandi and Shimla at an altitude of 1800 meters above mean sea level. Dr Sharma suggested that farmers in EBH-endemic areas should not use ferns as fodder or bedding material for livestock and try not to send empty-stomach cattle for grazing.
Dr Rajinder Chaudhary, a research scholar from NDRI Karnal shared his engaging research on the development of an encapsulate of Omega 3, which has been derived from vegetarian sources. Because of the modern lifestyle, the lack of Omega 3 in foodstuff causes rheumatic arthritis, psoriasis, cardiovascular diseases.
The three-day event organised by the Agro-Environmental Development Society (AEDS) in association, Cairo University's Plant Pathology Research Institute and Tribhuvan University, Nepal saw over 500 participants from 15 states of India and five countries take part. Dr JN Sharma, Director of Research, Dr SK Sharma, Dr Anil Handa and other scientists of the university were also present on the occasion. (UNI)