According to a US think tank, India falls short of an estimated 600,000 doctors and 2 million nurses. And scientists who found that lack of staff who are properly trained in administering antibiotics is what prevents patients from having access to live-saving drugs.
And even when these are available, patients are quite often unable to afford them. Such medical costs combined with limited government spending for health, the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP) has said in its report.
In all 65 per cent of health expenditure in the country is out-of-pocket, and such sums push some 57 million people into poverty every year.
Most of annual 5.7 million antibiotic-treatable deaths the world over occur in low- and middle-income countries where the mortality burden from treatable infections far exceeds the estimated annual 700,000 deaths from antibiotic-resistant infections.
Experts of CDDEP had conducted interviews in Uganda, India, and Germany, and literature reviews to identify key access barriers to antibiotics in these countries.