Gallstone diseases are among the most recurrent and frequent diseases delineated in India and neighbouring countries and recent reports have suggested that the North India was developing as gallbladder cancer prone area in the world.
Renowned gastro surgeon Dr KB Singh told UNI that the gallstones have became common problem in our country. Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ on the right side of abdomen just beneath your liver. The gallbladder holds a digestive fluid called bile that's released into small intestine to digest the food.
Dr Singh said that research was underway to underline the causes of gallstone as researches have mixed bag of opinion for that. Major reasons behind the formation of gallstones could be excess of cholesterol, excess of bile fluid and concentration of bile in gallbladder due to improper passing of bile fluid.
"Lifestyle, fast foods, lack of physical activity and fatty diet are some reasons creating the problems in abdomen including gallstones. Excess use of oil increases cholesterol which led to gallstone formation commonly" Dr Singh said adding that obesity can raise the cholesterol level and also make it harder for the gallbladder to empty completely and make gallstones.
"Other reasons behind the formation of gallstone could be losing weight quickly, diabetes, pregnancy, some hormone therapy and too much fasting" he said adding that gallstones range in size from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. Some people develop just one gallstone, while others develop many gallstones at the same time.
Speaking about the symptoms of gallstones, Dr Singh said in many cases gallstones cause no signs or symptoms but common symptoms which indicate gallstone problems are pain in upper belly and upper back, nausea vomiting and digestive problems. If a gallstone lodges in bile duct and cause a blockage then sudden and rapid intensifying pain in the upper right portion of abdomen can occur, he pointed out. (UNI)